3 7 Non-operating income and expenses

The nature of non-operating varies depending on the type of revenue, such as income in the form of interest; dividends are repeating in nature, whilst income in the form of foreign exchange gain is non-recurring. Non-operating is defined as any profit or loss derived from the organization’s operations that are not directly related to the selling of goods or the provision of services. It represents a clearer picture of the financial health of the company in terms of its profitability and efficiency of internal operations. Asset impairment also included income from the sale of non-core assets. This is the amount of revenue after operating expenses, depreciation, and amortization have been subtracted. Although operating revenue is present in all industries, there are slight variations.

  • Due to this reason, non-operating income is shown separately in the income statement below the operating income section.
  • If not, here are the answers to some of the frequently asked questions.
  • Though there are variations across non-profit industries, operating revenue is generally made up of contributions and grants received.
  • Non-operating revenue is beneficial to the organization, but it should be limited and smaller than operating income to retain the company’s market reputation.

Operating income is an accounting figure that measures the amount of profit realized from a business’s operations, after deducting operating expenses such as wages, depreciation, and cost of goods sold (COGS). In short, it provides information to interested parties about how much revenue was turned into profit through the company’s normal and ongoing business activities. This is because the grants are funding the deficit and are not received because the state/feds are paying on-behalf of riders or passengers. 1.5.50 GASB Statement 34, paragraph 100 requires proprietary fund revenues to be reported by major source (net of discounts and allowances). Paragraph 100, further requires proprietary to distinguish between operating and nonoperating revenues and expenses. Non-operating income is part of a company’s revenue from non-core business operations.

Non-operating income refers to the part of a company’s income that is not attributable to its core business operations. Investment income, gains or losses from foreign exchange, as well as sales of assets, writedown of assets, interest income are all examples of non-operating income items. Non-operating income is the portion of an organization’s income that is derived from activities not related to its core business operations. the purpose of depreciation It can include items such as dividend income, profits, or losses from investments, as well as gains or losses incurred by foreign exchange and asset write-downs. Non-operating income is also referred to as incidental or peripheral income. Non-operating income is generally not recurring and is therefore usually excluded or considered separately when evaluating performance over a period of time (e.g. a quarter or year).

However, auditors are not required to separate operating from non-operating revenue, and it may not be clear what is non-operating revenue on your audit. We suggest having a conversation with your auditor to determine if your organization has non-operating revenue and which items are non-operating. Results and make it difficult for investors to assess how effectively the firm’s operations truly performed during the reported period. For instance, a firm might make a sizable one-time profit through the sale of a sizable piece of land, equipment, or property, a wholly-owned subsidiary, or investment securities.

The difference between operating revenue vs. operating income

Some less ethical organizations try to characterize their non-operating income as operating income in order to mislead investors about how well their core operations are functioning. The operating income is the profit the business earns after deducting operating expenses. It refers to the revenue and expenses resulting from the company’s core business and includes selling, general and administrative expenses.

For a retailer the interest earned on its temporary investments is a nonoperating revenue (or nonoperating income). Non-operating income refers to revenue an organization earns that is not connected to its core operations. To continue with the above example, if the business rents out its empty retail location, the money it collects in rent is non-operating income. It informs interested parties about how much revenue was converted into profit due to the company’s routine and continuous business operations. Non-operating income (NOI) is the part of an organization’s revenue that comes from activities outside its primary business operations.

If the building were sold at a loss, the loss is considered a non-operating expense. Non-operating assets are also known as redundant assets because they do not support operations and are therefore considered to be redundant and expendable if a company needs to cash them in. For example, a company may own a parcel of land assessed at $300,000 in value but has no plans to build on the property for at least five years. Non-operating income is itemized at the bottom of the income statement, after the operating profit line item. Non-operating cash flow can demonstrate how a company uses its FCF—essentially, operating cash flow less CapEx—or how it finances its investing activities if it does not have any (or sufficient) free cash flow.

Non-Operating Assets and Non-Operating Income

A company that performs better in and generates the majority of its income through its core business operations is more favorable than one that makes most of its income from non-operating activities. Distinguishing a company’s ability to profit from its core business and profit from other activities or factors is essential to evaluating its real performance. Operating revenue gives you information about the company’s core operations and how this is impacting your success. In contrast, operating income focuses on gains made from operational activities, net of all operating expenses. Of importance to note is that these two are also different from net income, also known as the bottom line, which accounts for operating income less non-operating expenses.


Examples of non-operating income include interest income, gains from the sale of assets, lawsuit proceeds, and revenues from other sources not connected to operations. The income statement of a business which typically covers a period of time, such as a quarter or a year, gives a snapshot of the company’s financial health. This financial statement provides the bank, the investor or a potential buyer with important information about the profitability. Licenses and permits are generally exchange or exchange-like transactions. Usually the price of paying the cost of issuing a license or permit amounts to the cost necessary to process that permit.


Nonoperating revenues and gains are often reported on the income statement after the subtotal Income from operations and will often appear with the caption Other income. Nonoperating revenues are the amounts earned by a business which are outside of its main or central operations. A common example is a retailer’s investment income or interest income.

Although non-operating assets may bring revenue into a company, they are not used to generate core revenue. Non-operating revenue and income do not produce cash inflows that are consistent from one year to the next, which is another reason why the activity is separately identified in the income statement. For a company to fund company operations, the business must generate operating revenue. Firms that drive operating revenue can fund the business regularly without the need to seek additional financing, and these companies can operate with a lower cash balance.

To calculate the company’s EBT (earnings before taxes), non-operating and operating income are added. EBT provides an overview of the company’s financial health and profitability. The opposite problem will arise if the company records a one-time gain from an asset sale or currency translation.

For example, interest is operating revenue if the principal activity of the fund is to provide loans to generate income. The ongoing principal operation is determined by the purpose of the individual enterprise fund. Non-operating income includes all the non-operating gains and losses arising from activities outside the purview of fundamental business activities. Due to this reason, non-operating income is shown separately in the income statement below the operating income section.

Although these assets are not tied to the business’s operations, the company may still earn some revenue from them. If the business loses money through its operations, these non-operating assets can provide diversification and act as a financial backup. For example, suppose a company has generated operating cash flow of $6 billion in its fiscal year and has made capital expenditures of $1 billion.

The purpose is to allow financial statement users to assess the direct business activities that appear at the top of the income statement alone. Non-operating income is any profit or loss generated by activities outside of the core operating activities of a business. The concept is used by outside analysts, who strip away the effects of these items in order to determine the profitability (if any) of a company’s core operations. When a company experiences a sudden spike or decline in its reported income, this is likely to have been caused by non-operating income, since core earnings tend to be relatively stable over time. Non-operating revenue is revenue generated by activities outside of a company’s primary operations.


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